Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Serbian Commemorative Cross, 1913 [Balkan Wars]


"On replaced correct ribbon. The Cross was instituted on 25 November (7 December) 1913 to be awarded to military and civilians for meritorious service during the First and Second Balkan Wars of 1912-1913. An alliance of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia threw the Ottoman Turks out of almost all their remaining European territories in 1912 and the First Balkan War ended with the Treaty of London on 30 May 1913. However, the victors fell out over the division of the spoils, with Serbia and Greece forming an alliance against Bulgaria and the Second Balkan War broke out at the end of June. After initial setbacks, Bulgarian military successes stabilised the front in Macedonia. The situation was transformed by the invasion of Bulgaria by Romania on 10 July, leaving the former in a hopeless position. An armistice was agreed on 31 July with Bulgaria losing most of her gains from the First War and Serbia becoming the dominant Balkan power. The Cross was made by Arthus Bertrand of Paris and Huguenin Frères of Le Locle, Switzerland."

Note: This medal is currently available for purchase at the link below:



If you would like to contact me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com


Serbian Commemorative Medal for the Albanian Retreat, 1915


"On replaced correct trifold ribbon. The medal was created on 5 April 1920 and awarded to all military who took part in the terrible retreat in the winter of 1915 through the mountains of Albania to Corfu. Faced with annihilation by Austro-Hungarian and Bulgarian armies, the Serbian army, led by King Peter and Crown Prince Alexander, made an heroic retreat and was later to play a notable part in the breakout from Salonika that forced Bulgaria out of World War I. Its survival in 1915 and subsequent recovery was an important factor leading to the creation of Yugoslavia in 1918. The medal was made by Arthus Bertrand of Paris and is increasingly hard to find. A good example."

Note: This medal is available for purchase at the link below:



If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com


Serbian Commemorative Cross for the War of Liberation and Union, 1914-1918


"Bronze cross pattée alisée with ball finials and with crossed swords between the arms, on laterally pierced ball suspension; the face with the head of King Petar I facing right circumscribed ‘ПЕТАР I КРАЉ СРБИЈЕ’ (Petar I King of Serbia) within a circular laurel wreath, the dates ‘1914’ and ‘1918’ on the upper and lower arms of the cross; the reverse with the crowned Serbian arms and the dates ‘1915’, ‘1916’ and ‘1917’ on the lower, left and right arms respectively; on original somewhat worn trifold ribbon. The Cross was instituted on 1 December 1920 to be awarded to Serbian and Montenegrin military who had participated in World War I and to Allied military who had contributed to the liberation of Serbia. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914 led to the declaration of war by Austria-Hungary on Serbia on 28 July 1914. Serbian forces resisted Austrian attacks until the end of November when, short of munitions, the Serbs withdrew and the Austrians entered Belgrade on 2 December. On 3 December, the entire Serb army launched a ferocious counter-attack and retook Belgrade on 15 December. The situation was transformed by the entry of Bulgaria into the war in October 1915 and the Serb army was forced to make its terrible winter retreat through the mountains of Albania. These troops were later transferred to Salonika and on 15 September 1918 began an attack that retook Serbia and, by 10 November, had crossed the Danube. During the war Serbia suffered more than one and a quarter million casualties from a total population of four and a half million, representing more than half its adult male population. The Cross was made by Arthus Bertrand of Paris and by Huguenin Frères of Le Locle, Switzerland."

Note: This medal is currently available for purchase at the following link:



If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com


Monday, October 25, 2010

King Peter I of Serbia - The "Liberator" (Oslobodilac) - One of the most beloved Royals of all time

Aleksandra's Note: As royalty goes, King Peter I of Serbia is one of my favorites. Though he reigned over a century ago, he remains to this day one of the most beloved and popular monarchs that ever ruled over a people. Born on June 29, 1844, he lived to be 77 years old and died on August 16, 1921, while King (and "founding father") of the "first Yugoslavia" (known at that time as the "Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes"). Prior to that he was King of Serbia from June 15, 1903 to December 1, 1918 and his very real presence on the WWI battlefields and landscapes, though he was not in good health, remains the stuff of legend. He was succeeded by his son Alexander I Karageorgevich, who would become King Alexander of Yugoslavia.

The legacy of the Karageorgevich dynasty of Serbia continues to be felt to this day, and many yearn for the return of the rule of the Monarchy in Serbia.

Below are some images I hope you enjoy and will make you curious about this "bigger than life" ruler, who was as modest as he was great.

To learn more, please visit


Aleksandra Rebic


Monument to King Peter I Karageorgevich in Zrenjanin, Serbia
Photo by "Alexzr88" in 2006

King Peter I of Serbia on the WWI battlefield

Portait of His Majesty King Peter I of Serbia

A rare photo of Duke Petar Karageorgevich's family
before he became King.
In the center is his wife Duchess Zorka of Montenegro.

King Peter I immortalized on the Serbian 5 Dinara coin in 1904.
On the other side of the coin is the classic Serbian emblem.


If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com


Sunday, October 10, 2010

95th Anniversary of the Heroic Defence of Belgrade in WWI marked in Serbia October 2010 / Attended by U.S. Ambassador to Serbia Mary Burce Warlick

A memorial service to the defenders of Belgrade in the First World War


Radio Srbija

07 October 2010

Serbian Patriarch Irinej

Observing the 95th anniversary of the defence of Belgrade in the First World War, Serbian Patriarch Irinej blessed the renewed military memorial at the Belgrade New Cemetery and held a service for soldiers that died defending the Serbian capital in 1915. A memorial tomb at the New Cemetery contains the mortal remains of more than 2,600 soldiers, who defended Belgrade aware of the fact that their names had been erased from the list of the living. Serbian Defence Minister Dragan Sutanovac said that Serbia had not fought for its own freedom only at the time, but also for the freedom of the entire democratic world and that it was among the allies that liberated Europe. He emphasized that in the 21st century Serbia wants to be a country of peace and friendship, that it has not enemies and wants to be a stability factor. The state ceremony was attended by numerous foreign military envoys and representatives of the diplomatic corps. The ceremony ended with an art programme dedicated to major Dragutin Gavrilovic, the heroic leader of the defence of Belgrade in 1915.




U.S. Ambassador to Serbia Mary Burce Warlick
Standing 4th from left as you view the photo

Major Dragutin Gavrilovic

Reputation of Belgrade, our capital, must be bright!

7. October 2010


His Holiness Irinej, Serbian Patriarch served today, in the Memorial ossuary to the defenders of Belgrade in the First World War at the New cemetary, the commemoration for suffered heroes in the defence of the Serbian capital in 1915. After the prayerful remembrance of the ancestors fallen for freedom, the remains of the famous warriors were stored in the restored memorial ossuary with the honorary salvo.

Following the ceremony of laying the wreaths done by representativs of the Government of the Republic of Serbia, the Serbian Army, the City of Belgrade and organizations which care that deeds of our ancestors should not be forgotten, Mr. Dragan Sutanova, minister of Defence in the Government of the Republic of Serbia, addressed the present. Besides the state officials, also the representatives of the diplomatic corps attended the short cultural program.

In October 1915, attacking with its main forces over the Sava and the Danube, the armies of the Central Axis had a goal to encircle and destroy the Serbina army. Belgrade was attacked by parts of the German and Austro-Hungarian army, with a strong support of the artillery from the land and the rivers. The troops of the Belgrade Defence provided the resistance, especially on the positions which were defended by major Dragutin Gavrilovic.

The memorial ossuary is located in the Belgrade New cemetary, a and it was built in 1931. by the project of the Russian architect Roman Verhovskoy. In the Memorial ossuary there are the remains of several thousand defenders of Belgrade from 1915.



Образ Београда, наше престонице, мора да буде светао!

7. October 2010


Његова Светост Патријарх српски Г. Иринеј служио је данас, код Спомен-костурнице браниоцима Београда у Првом светском рату на Новом гробљу, помен постардалим јунацима у одбрани српске престонице 1915. године. Након молитвеног сећања на претке пале за слободу, у обновљену спомен-костурницу уз почасни плотун похрањени су посмртни остаци славних ратника.

После церемоније полагања венаца од стране представника Владе Републике Србије, Војске Србије, Града Београда и организација која брину да се дела наших предака не забораве, присутнима се обратио господин Драган Шутановац, министар одбране у Влади Републике Србије. Краћем уметничком програму присуствовали су, поред државних званичника, и представници дипломатског кора.

Октобра 1915. године, нападајући главним снагама преко Саве и Дунава, ка долини Велике Мораве, а помоћним преко Дрине и из Бугарске, армије Централних сила имале су задатак да окруже и униште Српску војску. Београд су нападали делови немачке и аустроугарске армије, уз снажну подршку артиљерије са копна и река. Трупе одбране Београда пружале су жесток отпор, посебно на положајима које су браниле јединице мајора Драгутина Гавриловића.

Остале су нам за сва времена последње речи мајора Гавриловића упућене својим војницима:

Војници, тачно у 15 часова непријатеља треба разбити вашим силним јуришем, разнети вашим бомбама и бајонетима. Образ Београда, наше престонице, мора да буде светао. Војници! Јунаци! Врховна команда избрисала је наш пук из бројног стања. Наш пук је жртвован за част Београда и Отаџбине. Ви немате дакле, да се бринете за животе ваше, они више не постоје. Зато напред, у славу! За краља и Отаџбину! Живео Краљ, живео Београд!

Спомен-костурница налази се на београдском Новом гробљу, а подигнута је 1931. године по пројекту руског архитекте Романа Верховскоја. На врху постамента налази се фигурална представа српског војника, рад Живојина Лазића, док су уз њен постамент приказани аустроугарски и немачки двоглави орлови, као симбол победе Српске војске у Првом светском рату. У Спомен-костурници се налазе посмртни остаци неколико хиљада храбрих бранилаца Београда из 1915. године.



If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com