Friday, February 24, 2017

VIDEO / Serbian CHETNIK FOLK SONG - Prizren/Kosovo 1905 Event / Српска комитска песма из околине Призрена, 1905. / "MY GRIEF, HERE COME SEJMENI" (Armed Turks/Albanians) - Performed by Milan Mica Petrovic - "Куку, ене ги иду сејмени / Kuku, ene gi idu sejmeni"

Serbian Chetnik Voyvoda Lazar Kujundzic
1880-1905

MY GRIEF, HERE COME SEJMENI (Armed Turks/Albanians)

"Chetnik folk song from around Prizren, Kosovo, about a gruesome event that took place on May 25, 1905. Serbian Chetnik vojvoda Lazar Kujundzic, before crossing Šar mountain on his way to Porech, stopped by his native village of Velika Hocha where he asked his Albanian friend to allow him to sleep overnight with his band of Chetniks. His Albanian friend agreed and promised that nothing will happen to them while they are under his roof. When the Chetniks fell asleep, the Albanian informed armed Turks and Albanians who then attacked the house. A vicious battle ensued. None of the Serbs survived, but there were large losses on the Turkish/Albanian side. In order to frighten the Orthodox population from further opposing the Ottoman rule, the Turks/Albanians mutilated vojvoda Lazar's body and carried it to Lazar's mother to identify the body. As she sensed that the Turks/Albanians were looking for blood, to avenge their losses, she and her husband withheld their grief and stated that the mutilated body was not that of their son, in order to save the lives of the Kujundzic families in Velika Hocha and Orahovac.

"My sincere thanks to co-participants, historians and friends for continued support and for researching and sending me these old Chetnik/komite folk songs for me to record. It is unfortunate that for the last 100 years, no organization or person found it important to commit their time to record these songs, if for nothing more than to provide details to written history, knowing that there is no commercial market for these recordings. Songs are from Old Serbia and Macedonia during the time of the Serbian-Turkish wars 1880-1912.

"Special thanks to Aleksandar Djordjević Papec for playing kaval, a traditional Balkan folk instrument-that hissy lead, flute-sounding instrument ;), and Srdjan Todorov for his boundless consultations."

Milan Mica Petrovic

"КУКУ, ЕНЕ ГИ ИДУ СЕЈМЕНИ
Српска комитска песма из околине Призрена, 1905.

Срдачна хвала историчарима и учесницима.
Кавал -- Александар Ђрођевић Папец
Саветодавац -- Срђан Тодоров"


Milan Mica Petrovic - Куку, ене ги иду сејмени / Kuku, ene gi idu sejmeni

Posted on You Tube by "барјактар ного"
Published on Jan 28, 2017

"Кавал: Александар Ђорђевић Папец

Текст и опис...

-Део збирке комитских/четничких народних песама из Српско-турских ратова друге половине 19. века и почетком 20. века.

КУКУ, ЕНЕ ГИ ИДУ СЕЈМЕНИ
(народна)

Куку, ене ги иду сејмени,
и крволочни, куку, Љумани,
покољ у Призрен, куку, да чине!
Сејменску песму, куку, појешев,
јуначку главу, куку, носешев,
комитску главу, куку, носешев!
''Изађи, Кујунџике, да видиш,
да ли ћеш главу, мори, да познаш?
Оћеш ли сина, куку, да познаш?
Ја кажи, бабо мори, не лажи,
мртво ти чедо лежи пред очи,
твој син је Лазар, бабо, пред тобом!''
''Аир, ефендум, море, ифтира,
не рађа Крстиница комите,
ни овакве, аго море, јунаке!''


Лазар Кујунџић (1880 — 25. мај 1905), био је четнички војвода у Старој Србији.

Као четнички војвода борио се на Челопеку 29. априла 1905. након чега се са осталим четама због бројних потера морао вратити у Србију. Решен да стигне до Пореча по сваку цену, заједно са Саватијем Милошевићем кренуо је преко Косова и Подриме са намером да се након преласка ових области преко Шар планине пребаци до Пореча. У близини родног села, у Великој Хочи јавио се на бесу свом пријатељу Албанцу, који их је примио у своју кулу а затим погазио реч и дозвао турску војску и остале Албанце. 25. маја 1905. развила се борба у Великој Хочи у којој су четници пружили херојски отпор. Нико од четника није преживео борбу док су губици турске војске и наоружаних Албанаца биле велике. Пошто су четници изгинули Албанци су тражили крв за своје пале. Мајка војводе Лазара је пред Албанцима порекла да је унакажени леш њеног сина Лазарово тело, како би спасила убијање и паљеље свих кућа Кујунџића у Хочи и Ораховцу."
 



https://youtu.be/Yw4fkiU-pW0


Посетите Мићин сајт: www.micapetrovic.com -- све песме су за слободно скидање.

Visit Mića's site: www.micapetrovic.com -- all songs are for free downloading.

*****

If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com

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Промоција књиге "Српби-Руски војни заповедници од времена Петра Великог до Октобарске револуције" Аутор: Душан Бабац / Уторак 28. Фебруар 2017. у 14 часова у Дому војске, Београд.



"Душан Бабац обрађује тему српско-руских војних односа на специфичан начин: дајући биографије појединаца – Срба на војној служби у Руској империји. Посебну пажњу аутор је посветио столећу од Петра И до Александра И, блиставом по руску војну славу. Од одређивања руских граница са Кином до победничког уласка руске војске у Париз, учешће српских официра у руској војсци на истакнутим командним положајима, није промакло погледу марљивог истраживача. Обнављањем српске државности почетком 19. века долази до смањивања броја српских досељеника у Русију, али су појединци и њихови потомци учествовали и даље у значајним догађајима руске војне историје, све до краја династије Романов."


http://www.odbrana.mod.gov.rs/sadrzaj.php?id_sadrzaja=1171


*****

If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com

*****

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Руски цар одао почаст српским добровољцима / Ruski car odao počast srpskim dobrovoljcima / 100 GODINA OD VELIKOG RATA / "Politika" Feb. 18, 2017

Politika
Аутор: Олга Јанковић
February 18, 2017

Светислав Света Радуловић (Фото Из књиге „Мемоари једног војника”)
 

"Aприла 1916. стигли смо у Одесу. Наша поворка искићена заставама и војнички постројена, упутила се кроз град до штаба Српског добровољачког одреда у улицу Баљшаја Арнаутскаја. После ужасне сибирске зиме, у Одеси нас је дочекало дивно и топло пролеће. Народ руски нас је свуда у пролазу поздрављао и узвикивао: „Да здравствујут Серби, героји“, јер је овде већ било око 8.000 српских добровољаца”, пише у мемоарима Панчевац Светислав Света Радуловић, тада млади банкарски чиновник описујући делић свог дугог ратног пута руским фронтом од Иљева, Вороњежа и Уфе до логора у Сибиру и придруживању добровољачким јединицама, које су се обучавале на обали Црног мора.

Светислав Света Радуловић је, треба рећи, био једно од осморо деце панчевачког свештеника Душана Радуловића и мајке Јелене, из угледне фамилије Бикар.

Растао је и васпитаван у породици чија је глава протојереј овдашњи такође био страдалник већ од првих дана Великог рата.

Ухапшен и интерниран најпре у румунски Арад, потом у Пешту, а по ослобођењу иако озбиљно нарушеног здравља, активан у добротворним, просветним и хуманим друштвима.

Као члан Народног већа, протојереј Радуловић је био и у депутацији код краља да изјави присаједињење Војводине мајци Србији.

Двадесетогодишњи Света је тог априла за собом имао готово две године ратовања и заробљеничког стажа на руском фронту. Недуго по доласку у Одесу, тачније првих дана маја, пише он, бива саопштено да ће Његово височанство цар Николај Други Александрович Романов са својом пратњом извршити смотру војске. Неки виши руски официри су показали забринутост поводом доласка цара пред добровољце, позвали су начелника штаба 1. српске добровољачке дивизије, мајора Максимовића и упитали га да ли може да гарантује да нико од добровољаца „неће нешто наудити цару и његовој породици”. И заиста, добровољци су осветлали свој образ у дефилеу пред царем, а касније у Добруџи доказали да су „витезови без страха”, додаје Радуловић.

Смотра је тако одржана на пољу Ходинка крај Одесе, пред царем, његовом породицом и великом царском пратњом. Јашући на коњу цар је обишао 1, 2. и 3. пук поздрављајући војску: „Помози Бог јунаци!”

„Гледајући својим благим очима лица наша, као да је хтео да се унесе у душу нашу, да нам улије утеху за претрпљено и наду у остварење онога за чим је наша душа тада чезнула, за ослобођењем наше Отаџбине. Одговорисмо уз громогласне повике: „Бог ти помогао!”, прибележио је млади добровољац.

Цар је потом одјахао на место са ког је посматрао дефиле трупа. Наилазили су пукови у смакнутом поретку, у две линије батаљона.

Писац истиче да је држање, равнање и корак добровољаца било равно ономе који се могу видети у мирно време и по гарнизонима. На цареву изјаву задовољства – „Очењ харашо!”, проломио се српски војнички завет „Стараћемо се!”

По свршеном парадном маршу, војска се постројила у круг са једном отвореном страном према царској свити, а цар на своме алату, сам без икакве пратње, стаде у средину полукруга окружен добровољцима, одакле је изговорио, колико још памтим, следеће речи: „Срећан сам што сам у вама имао прилике да сретнем онај део храбре српске војске, чијој се храбрости диви цео свет.

Бићу још срећнији када по завршетку овог рата видим Србију велику и снажну!” Тог сунчаног мајског дана дуго се проламало „живео”, док се цар, очигледно добро расположен, вратио у круг своје породице и свите.

„Тих дана био сам просто опијен и ван себе од усхићења и радости што је моја маленкост учествовала у тако великом догађају. Поносио сам се што сам Србин и био сам спреман поднети све муке и патње за остварење наших циљева”, казује у својим мемоарима Светислав.

А, тих дана завршено је формирање 4. пешадијског пука и помоћних трупа те је тако комплетирана дивизија 15. маја од око 13.000 српских добровољаца положила заклетву на верност краљу Србије Петру Првом, а чекао их је фронт у Добруџи…


http://www.politika.rs/scc/clanak/374514/Ruski-car-odao-pocast-sccpskim-dobrovoljcima


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Ruski car odao počast srpskim dobrovoljcima

Politika
Autor: Olga Janković
February 18, 2017

Светислав Света Радуловић (Фото Из књиге „Мемоари једног војника”)
 

"Aprila 1916. stigli smo u Odesu. Naša povorka iskićena zastavama i vojnički postrojena, uputila se kroz grad do štaba Srpskog dobrovoljačkog odreda u ulicu Baljšaja Arnautskaja. Posle užasne sibirske zime, u Odesi nas je dočekalo divno i toplo proleće. Narod ruski nas je svuda u prolazu pozdravljao i uzvikivao: „Da zdravstvujut Serbi, geroji“, jer je ovde već bilo oko 8.000 srpskih dobrovoljaca”, piše u memoarima Pančevac Svetislav Sveta Radulović, tada mladi bankarski činovnik opisujući delić svog dugog ratnog puta ruskim frontom od Iljeva, Voronježa i Ufe do logora u Sibiru i pridruživanju dobrovoljačkim jedinicama, koje su se obučavale na obali Crnog mora.

Svetislav Sveta Radulović je, treba reći, bio jedno od osmoro dece pančevačkog sveštenika Dušana Radulovića i majke Jelene, iz ugledne familije Bikar.

Rastao je i vaspitavan u porodici čija je glava protojerej ovdašnji takođe bio stradalnik već od prvih dana Velikog rata.

Uhapšen i interniran najpre u rumunski Arad, potom u Peštu, a po oslobođenju iako ozbiljno narušenog zdravlja, aktivan u dobrotvornim, prosvetnim i humanim društvima.

Kao član Narodnog veća, protojerej Radulović je bio i u deputaciji kod kralja da izjavi prisajedinjenje Vojvodine majci Srbiji.

Dvadesetogodišnji Sveta je tog aprila za sobom imao gotovo dve godine ratovanja i zarobljeničkog staža na ruskom frontu. Nedugo po dolasku u Odesu, tačnije prvih dana maja, piše on, biva saopšteno da će Njegovo visočanstvo car Nikolaj Drugi Aleksandrovič Romanov sa svojom pratnjom izvršiti smotru vojske. Neki viši ruski oficiri su pokazali zabrinutost povodom dolaska cara pred dobrovoljce, pozvali su načelnika štaba 1. srpske dobrovoljačke divizije, majora Maksimovića i upitali ga da li može da garantuje da niko od dobrovoljaca „neće nešto nauditi caru i njegovoj porodici”. I zaista, dobrovoljci su osvetlali svoj obraz u defileu pred carem, a kasnije u Dobrudži dokazali da su „vitezovi bez straha”, dodaje Radulović.

Smotra je tako održana na polju Hodinka kraj Odese, pred carem, njegovom porodicom i velikom carskom pratnjom. Jašući na konju car je obišao 1, 2. i 3. puk pozdravljajući vojsku: „Pomozi Bog junaci!”

„Gledajući svojim blagim očima lica naša, kao da je hteo da se unese u dušu našu, da nam ulije utehu za pretrpljeno i nadu u ostvarenje onoga za čim je naša duša tada čeznula, za oslobođenjem naše Otadžbine. Odgovorismo uz gromoglasne povike: „Bog ti pomogao!”, pribeležio je mladi dobrovoljac.

Car je potom odjahao na mesto sa kog je posmatrao defile trupa. Nailazili su pukovi u smaknutom poretku, u dve linije bataljona.

Pisac ističe da je držanje, ravnanje i korak dobrovoljaca bilo ravno onome koji se mogu videti u mirno vreme i po garnizonima. Na carevu izjavu zadovoljstva – „Očenj harašo!”, prolomio se srpski vojnički zavet „Staraćemo se!”

Po svršenom paradnom maršu, vojska se postrojila u krug sa jednom otvorenom stranom prema carskoj sviti, a car na svome alatu, sam bez ikakve pratnje, stade u sredinu polukruga okružen dobrovoljcima, odakle je izgovorio, koliko još pamtim, sledeće reči: „Srećan sam što sam u vama imao prilike da sretnem onaj deo hrabre srpske vojske, čijoj se hrabrosti divi ceo svet.

Biću još srećniji kada po završetku ovog rata vidim Srbiju veliku i snažnu!” Tog sunčanog majskog dana dugo se prolamalo „živeo”, dok se car, očigledno dobro raspoložen, vratio u krug svoje porodice i svite.

„Tih dana bio sam prosto opijen i van sebe od ushićenja i radosti što je moja malenkost učestvovala u tako velikom događaju. Ponosio sam se što sam Srbin i bio sam spreman podneti sve muke i patnje za ostvarenje naših ciljeva”, kazuje u svojim memoarima Svetislav.

A, tih dana završeno je formiranje 4. pešadijskog puka i pomoćnih trupa te je tako kompletirana divizija 15. maja od oko 13.000 srpskih dobrovoljaca položila zakletvu na vernost kralju Srbije Petru Prvom, a čekao ih je front u Dobrudži…


http://www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/374514/Ruski-car-odao-pocast-srpskim-dobrovoljcima


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If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com

*****

Monday, February 20, 2017

Time to Redraw Balkan Boundaries to give Justice to Ethnic Serbs Trapped behind Hostile Lines / "The Huffington Post" Feb. 20, 2017

KOSOVO


The Huffington Post
Doug Bandow, Contributor
February 20, 2017

Washington’s policy in the Balkans never made much sense. The U.S. wanted to keep some nations together and dismantle others. American officials deplored ethnic cleansing in some cases and ignored other instances.

The only principle which explained Washington’s actions was that the Serbs always lose. With Kosovo and Serbia now shouting threats of war, it’s time for the U.S. and Europe to take a more even-handed approach.

Yugoslavia was an artificial creation of the Versailles Treaty. It survived after World War II due to the repression of Communist dictator Josef Broz Tito and fear of invasion by the Soviet Union. But Tito died in 1980 and the Soviet Union collapsed a decade later, eroding the cement which held together the ethnic and religious polyglot nation.

In the ensuing political vacuum Slobodan Milosevic won power by playing the Serbian nationalist card. Minority ethnic groups responded by establishing their own nations. The Balkans erupted.

The first Bush administration originally supported Yugoslavia’s territorial integrity, but Germany recognized Slovenia’s succession, spurring Yugoslavia’s serial break-up. The U.S. and Europeans supported creation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (divided among Muslims, ethnic Serbs, and ethnic Croats) and Croatia (with a large ethnic Serb population in the Krajina region). However, after encouraging the break-up of Yugoslavia, the allies suddenly opposed secession of ethnic Croats and Serbs from Bosnia and ethnic Serbs from Croatia.

While Serb atrocities were common and noteworthy, Muslims and Croats were not innocent. Nevertheless, Washington and Brussels expected ethnic Serb minorities to politely suffer under other ethnic majorities, even when faced with ethnic cleansing. For instance, Croatia, buttressed by U.S. aid, launched a large-scale military offensive against the Krajina Serbs, causing hundreds of thousands to flee. Years later I visited the region: the rural landscape was dotted with abandoned farms and ruined Orthodox churches, while the façades of urban buildings were pockmarked with bullet holes. However, Washington refused to acknowledge, let alone criticize, this episode of ruthless ethnic cleansing.

The bias persists today. Washington recently sanctioned Milorad Dodik, President of Republika Srpska, the ethnic Serb section of tripartite Bosnia, for “obstructing” the U.S.-backed Dayton Accords, which forced ethnic Serbs to remain in Muslim-dominated Bosnia. Dodik responded by calling the U.S. ambassador to Bosnia “a proven enemy.” Certainly Washington rates that title from ethnic Serbs everywhere.

Kosovo became the next Balkan crisis. Intimately tied to Serbian history and culture, the region’s population shifted over the years with an influx of ethnic Albanians, creating a large majority. An insurgency arose, which originally was denounced as “terrorist” by U.S. officials. However, ethnic Albanians were media savvy. In the summer of 1998 I met with a top aide to local opposition leader Ibrahim Rugova, who later became Kosovo’s first president. The former told me that ethnic Albanians needed Western military intervention, and that required getting the conflict onto CNN. Hence the sometimes dubious atrocity claims, which continued during the brief NATO intervention early the following year.

After the victorious allies ousted Serb security forces, the triumphant ethnic Albanians launched their own campaign of ethnic cleansing, kicking out around a quarter of a million Serbs, Roma, and others. The U.S. and Europeans, though occupying the territory, did little. A few years later another round of ethnic Albanian violence drove many of the remaining ethnic Serbs into camps or to Kosovo’s north, in which a majority of residents were ethnic Serbs. Pristina acquired a dubious reputation, essentially a gangster statelet ruled by war criminals. It was a black hole for organized crime, where Saudi Arabia, in particular, underwrote efforts to radicalize heretofore moderate and secular Muslims.

While there are worse places to live, Kosovo has not earned the right to hold ethnic Serbs in political bondage. For instance, Freedom House’s 2016 “Freedom in the World” report rated Kosovo as only “partly free,” with middling scores for both political rights and civil liberties. Among other problems, “journalists report frequent harassment and intimidation, and occasional physical attacks.” Crimes against non-ethnic Albanians are rarely prosecuted. The courts suffer from political interference and bribery. Corruption facilitates human trafficking and more.

Human Rights Watch said “human rights protections progressed slowly” last year, with “serious abuses” remaining. For instance, there were “threats and attacks against journalists.” The U.S. State Department put together a 36-page human rights report. Among the problems: “Reported police mistreatment of detainees; substandard physical conditions in prisons; drug abuse, corruption, and favoritism in prisons; lengthy pretrial detention and judicial inefficiency resulting in mistrials.” There also were restrictions on religious liberty, intimidation of the media, and attacks on displaced people returning to their homes. A European Commission report last year found many of the same problems: “slow and inefficient” courts, “insufficient accountability of judicial officials,” and extensive corruption.

Despite this poor record, which represents a significant improvement from 1999, Europe and the U.S. designed negotiations between Serbia and Kosovo to birth an independent state. No other result was considered. Ethnic Albanians obviously had no reason to accept anything less while receiving the West’s support. Serbian proposals involving federalism and autonomy were dismissed as evidence of “intransigence.” In 2008 the U.S. and most European nations dropped the pretense of diplomacy by recognizing the Republic of Kosovo. As of December 114 countries had accepted the new state. But Russia has blocked Pristina from joining the UN.

While his administration formally dismantled their nation President George W. Bush declared that “the Serbian people can know they have a friend in America.” He apparently failed to understand that he had imposed on others an outcome he would never accept for America. Demonstrators in Belgrade responded by setting fire to the U.S. embassy.

Ethnic Serbs in the city of North Mitrovica, who constituted a majority in the territory north of the Ibar River, refused to cooperate with Kosovo’s government, dominated by politicians accused of corruption, war crimes, human trafficking, and more. Although ethnic Serbs desired to remain with Serbia, the U.S. and Europeans refused to consider revising Kosovo’s boundaries lest doing so trigger regional “instability”—after having helped break Yugoslavia apart, trigger several conflicts, and create a half dozen separate states.

Belgrade long backed the Kosovo Serbs, but the EU eventually used its membership club to impose the Brussels Agreement of 2013, which led Serbia to urge Kosovo’s ethnic Serbs to participate in municipal elections the following year. In 2015 an Association/Community of Serb-majority Municipalities was established to give the ethnic Serb minority greater autonomy.

Still, the two governments remained far apart on bilateral relations, despite EU pressure for Serbia to accept Kosovo’s secession. In December North Mitrovica’s residents erected a concrete wall which Kosovo’s parliament voted to destroy. Last this month at Belgrade’s behest France briefly detained a Kosovo guerrilla commander turned prime minister (now out of office) wanted by Serbia on charges of war crimes.

Kosovo then blocked passage of a train, to be the first as part of a new direct service from Belgrade to North Mitrovica, painted in Serbia’s national colors and sporting signs which stated “Kosovo is Serbia.” Serbian Prime Minister Tomislav Nikolic charged that Kosovo wanted war: “If they are killing Serbs, we will send the army, all of us will go.”

Kosovo’s President Hashim Thaci responded that Belgrade was “provoking” his nation to create a pretext for attacking Kosovo and annexing the north. “Serbia’s intention is to use this train, which was donated by Russia, first to help carve away the northern part of Kosovo and then … attach it to Serbia. This is the Crimea model.” Kosovo’s Foreign Minister Enver Hoxhaj denounced Belgrade’s “numerous acts of provocation and aggression.” He urged the EU “to urge Serbia to remain committed to good neighborly relations and regional cooperation and not interfere in the domestic affairs of other countries or take provocative actions which aim for the destabilization of the region.”

The mutual threats set off alarms in Brussels. So the EU is held another round of “Dialogue of Normalization of Relations” for Kosovo and Serbia. The EU’s quasi-foreign minister, Federica Mogherini, invited both parties because, she explained: “The developments over the past days underline the need for increased commitment and engagement by the two sides.” Progress toward normalized relations, she added, “remains of paramount importance for both sides, the European Union, and the Western Balkans as a whole.”

However, no amount of EU bullying is likely to satisfy Kosovo’s ethnic Serbs. Which is understandable since they, not privileged European officials based in Brussels, are the ones suffering life in hostile territory. Brussels and Washington should stop attempting to impose a de facto foreign government on the people of Kosovo’s north who would prefer to remain in Serbia. People should be able to decide their own political futures. If the ethnic Albanian majority south of the Ibar River is entitled to choose independence, then the ethnic Serb majority north of the Ibar River should be free to choose not to leave Serbia.

This principle creates a potential deal which would serve justice as well as stability. Serbia recognizes Kosovo’s independence. Kosovo accepts the departure of its north dominated by ethnic Serbs. Neither side would be pleased by the outcome. But both governments should prefer that result to the unsettled situation today.

No one really expects another Balkan war. However, the continuing injustice inflicted on ethnic Serbs in north Kosovo creates needless instability and risk of conflict. Another round of negotiations is necessary, but one in which the U.S. and Europeans do not rig the outcome in Pristina’s favor. The only sure solution will be one which benefits both Kosovo and Serbia.


http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/time-to-redraw-balkan-boundaries-to-give-justice-to_us_58aad776e4b0fa149f9ac8ab


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If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com

*****

Sunday, February 19, 2017

DOCUMENTARY FILM / TOPLICA REBELLION WWI 1917 / TOPLIČKI USTANAK 1917 / EFG



Топлички устанак
Other title(s): Toplica rebellion

Genre: Documentary
Country: RS [Republic of Serbia]
SCSZA

Year: 1991
Runtime: 01:08:42

Description:

"Description of Toplica rebellion, the only national uprising against the occupying forces in the World War I, led by the Chetnik squads under the leadership of Kosta Vojinovic and Kosta Pecanac. The rebellion started in 1917 against the Bulgarians who imposed terror on the Serbian population. The Serbian General Headquarters sends help, but the Bulgarians were faster and engaged large forces to break the uprising. Twenty thousand people were killed and 100.000 were taken to the Bulgarian camps. Despite that, the rebellion was not suppressed."

"Prikaz Topličkog ustanka, jedinog narodnog ustanka protiv okupatora u Prvom svetskom ratu, koji su poveli četnički odredi pod vođstvom Koste Vojinovića i Koste Pećanca. Ustanak je podignut 1917. godine protiv Bugara koji su zaveli teror nad srpskim življem. Srpska vrhovna komanda šalje pomoć, ali su Bugari bili brži i angažovali velike snage na slamanju ustanka. Pobijeno je 20.000 ljudi, a 100.000 je odvedeno u bugarske logore. I pored svega ustanak nije ugašen..."

Keywords: EFG1914
I svetski rat; Srbija; Četnici; Bugarska vojska; Toplički ustanak; Kosta Pećanac, vođa Topličkog ustanka; Kosta Vojinović, vođa Topličkog ustanka
World War I; Serbia; Chetniks; Bulgarian Army; Toplica rebellion; Kosta Pecanac, leader of Toplica rebellion; Kosta Vojinovic, leader of Toplica rebellion
World War, 1914-1918 -- Balkan Peninsula
World War, 1914-1918 -- Serbia
Serbia -- History -- 1804-1918
Mutiny
War crimes
World War, 1914-1918 -- Civilian relief
Children and war
Balkan Peninsula -- History -- War of 1912-1913 -- Atrocities


Provenance: Jugoslovenska kinotekaProvider: Jugoslovenska Kinoteka
Rights: Jugoslovenska kinoteka, RTS
Production company:Feliks film; Radio televizija Beograd
Director:Miomir Miki Stamenković
Colour: Black & White
Sound: With sound
Language: Serbian

TO WATCH IN FULL SCREEN, PLEASE CLICK ON LINK BELOW and then click on the bottom right corner of the image on the EFG website: 

http://www.europeanfilmgateway.eu/node/33/detail/Topli%C4%8Dki+ustanak/video:M2RkOTRkODItMDcyMC00OWRhLWExNTQtYzA3MzJmOTEyODAxX1VtVndiM05wZEc5eWVWTmxjblpwWTJWU1pYTnZkWEpqWlhNdlVtVndiM05wZEc5eWVWTmxjblpwWTJWU1pYTnZkWEpqWlZSNWNHVT06OmF2Q3JlYXRpb24uSksvSktfYXZDcmVhdGlvbl8xMDM3NDc5MDAwMDAwMTA1MDE3/paging:dmlkZW8tMS00LWltYWdlLTEtNC1zb3VuZC0xLTQtcGVyc29uLTEtNC10ZXh0LTEtNA==
_________________________________________


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If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com

*****

ПРОГРАМ / Поводом обележавања великог и значајног датума 100-годишњице Топличког устанка, у понедељак 20. фебруара [2017] у Прокупљу ће боравити делегација Министарства културе и информисања у Влади Републике Србије

Општина Прокупље
Субота, 18. 2. 2017.

Делегација Министарства културе у Прокупљу


Поводом обележавања великог и значајног датума 100-годишњице Топличког устанка, у понедељак 20. фебруара у Прокупљу ће боравити делегација Министарства културе и информисања у Влади Републике Србије.


Према речима већнице за културу у Општини Прокупље Милице Ерић, најављен је долазак државног секретара Новице Антића, помоћника министра за заштиту културног наслеђа Александре Фулгоси и самосталног саветника, координатора за књижевност и преводилачко стваралаштво и издаваштво Марка Деспотовића.

Државни секретар Антић ће отварањем нове поставке „Топлички устанак 1917“ у Народном музеју Топлице у 12 часова, означити почетак богатог програма, којим ће се до 26. фебруара обележавати овај велики јубилеј.

Представници Министарства културе, овом приликом посетиће и остале установе културе у Прокупљу, Народну билиотеку „Раде Драинац“, Дом културе „Радивој Увалић Бата“ и Историјски архив „Топлица“.

ПРОГРАМ

 
 
 
 
 
 
*****
 
If  you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra,
please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com
 
***** 

Monday, February 13, 2017

Serbians seek justice for Kosovo's forgotten victims / "AFP" February 12, 2017


Aleksandra's Note: The Legacy of Kosovo, which has long preceded the history of this 21st century and the last millennium, has run through the blood of all wars that the Serbians have had to deal with subsequent to 1389, and this legacy is ingrained in the Serbian Soul.

I'm very pleased to see that "Kosovo's forgotten victims" - meaning the Serbian victims of very recent history - have indeed not been forgotten.

Sincerely,
Aleksandra Rebic

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AFP
Jovan MATIC and Nicolas GAUDICHET with Ismet HAJDARI in Pristina
February 12, 2017
 
Serbians seek justice for Kosovo's forgotten victims
 
Belgrade (AFP) - Calling their dead "second-class victims", Serbian families of civilians killed by Kosovo's ethnic Albanian rebels in the late 1990s hope a new court at The Hague will finally bring them justice.
 
Marinko Djuric points at a photograph of his missing father who was among seven members of his family who disappeared in northwestern Kosovo during the conflict in the 1990s (AFP Photo/ANDREJ ISAKOVIC)
 
Natasa Scepanovic leads an association for the families of Serbian victims of the Kosovo Liberation Army in the 1990s (AFP Photo/ANDREJ ISAKOVIC)
 
Nineteen international judges were appointed this month to the tribunal, which will try crimes allegedly committed by the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in its fight for independence from Serbia, a conflict that left 13,000 dead.
 
Global attention has long focused on the mass killings and atrocities by the Serbian forces of the late strongman Slobodan Milosevic.
 
An 11-week NATO bombing campaign pushed the troops out of predominantly ethnic Albanian territory in 1999, and Kosovo declared its independence a decade later.
 
But alleged crimes committed by the Kosovo rebels, against Serbians but also against Roma and fellow Albanians deemed to be collaborators, have attracted relatively little scrutiny.
 
"No one has been adequately punished or justly condemned" over missing family members, said Natasa Scepanovic, who leads an association for families of Serbian victims.
 
"We have been discriminated against since the beginning of our sad story," she told AFP.
 
The claims were raised in a 2008 book by Carla del Ponte, the ex-pro secutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
 
A few years later, a Council of Europe report reiterated the allegations against several former KLA leaders, some of whom had become high-ranking Kosovo officials.
 
"There cannot and must not be one justice for the winners and another for the losers," Dick Marty, a Swiss prosecutor who led the council's inquiry, said in his report.
 
In particular, he accused Hashim Thaci -- now the president of Kosovo -- of leading a mafia-style network involved in assassinations and unlawful detentions.
 
Thaci has denied the accusations and said he is willing to cooperate with the tribunal, telling AFP last year that he had "nothing to hide".
 
- 'Last hope' -
 
The Council of Europe report noted the disappearance of almost 500 people, including about 400 Serbs, after Milosevic's forces withdrew from Kosovo in June 1999, when the KLA had "virtually exclusive control on the ground".
 
Some of the possible indictees at the new court in The Hague, including former KLA commanders Ramush Haradinaj and Fatmir Limaj, have already been tried and acquitted by the ICTY.
 
The United Nations and NATO-led forces in Kosovo wanted "to promote short-term stability at any price, thereby sacrificing some important principles of justice", the report said.
 
NATO forces were not yet on the ground when Serbian troops started to withdraw, leaving a security vacuum in which retaliations against Serbian civilians went unchecked.
 
But seven relatives of Marinko Djuric, including his father, decided to stay in Istok, in northwestern Kosovo.
 
"Since they were not responsible for any crime, they believed themselves to be safe," Djuric, now 58, told AFP in Belgrade.
 
But the situation worsened, and an evacuation was promised for June 29. No one saw them again.
 
"Six were killed, the seventh disappeared and we know nothing of his fate," Djuric said.
 
For Beriana Mustafa, a 35-year-old ethnic Albanian journalist, the Hague tribunal is her "last hope".
 
Her father, Xhemajl Mustafa, was an adviser to the former Kosovo president Ibrahim Rugova and a political opponent of the KLA, was assassinated at the entrance of his apartment in 2000, after he wrote articles critical of the rebels.
 
If the court "fails to establish responsibility, I will close this chapter of my life without waiting any longer," she said.
 
- 'I can't tell you' -
 
But many Serbs from Kosovo remain sceptical about what the court can achieve.
 
"We are considered responsible for the conflict, and our victims are second-class victims," said Misko Deverdzic, 42, whose father disappeared after being taken to a KLA interrogation centre in March 1999.
 
Deverdzic left the area, but later returned to ask an Albanian neighbour for information about his father.
 
He said he was told, "I know what happened but I can't tell you".
 
The tribunal will have to work with patchy evidence, as some witnesses have died, while others may struggle to remember exact details of the events.
 
Security is also a concern: During previous trials of KLA members, several witnesses disappeared or died in suspicious circumstances.
 
The court, which operates under the laws of Kosovo, was set up in The Hague to ensure that witnesses are protected.
 
"My message is that no one should doubt that this is a very serious undertaking," David Schwendiman, an American who is chief prosecutor of tribunal, said in September [2016].
 
 
 
 
*****
 
If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com
 
*****
 

Friday, February 3, 2017

Otvorena izložba 'Slikari/Ratnici/Svedoci' u Galeriji SANU [posvećena obeležavanju stogodišnjice Prvog svetskog rata] / "Blic" [Tanjug] Feb. 1, 2017

Blic
[Tanjug]
February 1, 2017

Otvorena izložba 'Slikari/Ratnici/Svedoci' u Galeriji SANU

Izložba "Slikari/Ratnici/Svedoci", posvećena obeležavanju stogodišnjice Prvog svetskog rata, otvorena je večeras u Galeriji Srpske akademsije nauka i umetnosti.

Foto: D. Kujundžić / Tanjug
 
Izložba je realizovana u okviru saradnje Muzeja savremene umetnosti i Galerije Srpske akademije nauka i umetnosti, a do 2. aprila posetioci mogu da pogledaju dela Nadežde Petrović, Koste Miličevića, Mališe Glišića, Milana Milovanovića, Miloša Golubovića, Vladimira Becića, Vase Eškićevića, Vase Pomorišca, Paška Vučetića, Živorada Nastasijevića, Natalije Cvetković, Mihaila Milovanovića, Veljka Stanojevića, Dragomira Glišića i drugih.

Predstavljene su i autorske fotografije Vladimira Becića, Miloja Igrutinovića, Riste Šukovića, Riste Marjanovića, Stanislava Krakova, đorđa Stanojevića, Andre Popovića, Dragoljuba Pavlovića, Jovana Lovčevića, zatim dela Katarine Šturceneger, Arčibalda Rajsa, Samsona Černova, Arijela Verdžisa, Andre Taponijea.

Foto: D. Kujundžić / Tanjug
 
Autor celokupnog projekta je Žana Gvozdenović, dok je autor segmenta o ratnim fotografijama Milena Marjanović. Dizajn potpisuju Nenad Marković i Andreja Nježić.

Predsednik SANU akademik Vladimir Kostić rekao je, otvarajući izložbu, da ima utisak da je Platon bio u pravu kada je iz idealne države prognao umetnost, jer ona nesumnjivo raznežava građane.

"Ali umetnost je i jedini mogući otpor mračnoj realnosti i zlu sa samo izvesnim izgledom na uspeh. Ova izložba nas suočava sa grotesknošću, sa paradoksom da je i u viru smrti neko ipak pevao dajući tom opštem stradanju neočekivanu estetsku dimenziju, a ne samo dokument za nezaboravljanje", istakao je on.

"U istom rovu nalazimo kičicu i kuršum, nož i fotoaparat, obezbeđujući čudnu logoku za još čudnije znaimanje - slikar ratnik, a ne bi nas začudila ni tupa olovka u susednoj rovovskoj pasareli za pesnika ratnika", primetio je Kostić.

Foto: D. Kujundžić / Tanjug
Autorke izložbe "Slikari/Ratnici/Svedoci" Žana Gvozdenovic i Milena Marjanović
 
On je rekao da dok ceo svet zna da je u opkoljenom Lenjigradu Šostakovič pisao prva tri stava Sedme simfonije, da bi kasnije bio prebačen u Samaru, dela službenih ratnih slikara, službenih fotografa srpske vojske, dopisnika i fotoamatera, ali i slikarki i dobrovoljnih bolničarki, kao i dela drugih umetnika učesnika u ratu, tek danas govore o trijumfu volje.

"Ona govore o uspešnom bekstvu kreativnosti pred neizbežnom smrću i pobedi erosa nad tanatosom u trenutku njegovog svekolikog trijumfa s tim što oni nisu nigde prebačeni i nisu imali svoju Samaru sem grobova u okolini Valjeva ili na putu sopstvenog egzodusa", kazao je Kostić.

Ministar kulture i informisanja Vladan Vukosavljević istakao je na otvaranju da su "Slikari/Ratnici/Svedoci" izložba duboke simbolike i izuzetnog značaja i da izložena dela ostaju kao uspomena i opomena na veličanstvenu, tragičnu, ali ipak veliku istoriju.

"Na površinu su iz arhiva i zbirki izronile impozantne i tragične slike srpske prošlosti. Slikari impresionisti i postimpresionisti, koji su u tragičnim okolnostima Prvog svetskog rata pokazali svoj talenat u nemogućim, gotovo neljudskim uslovima, jesu tužno i veliko podsećanje na to šta je bila Srbija i šta je bio naš narod i sa kakvim se istorijskim izazovima suočavao", ocenio je Vukosavljević.
 

http://www.blic.rs/kultura/vesti/otvorena-izlozba-slikariratnicisvedoci-u-galeriji-sanu/f7jjq8n


*****

If you would like to get in touch with me, Aleksandra, please feel free to contact me at heroesofserbia@yahoo.com

*****